The idea that children's learning is influenced by economic, political, ecological, cultural and other influences is being focused upon by educators worldwide. The editors of this volume point out that there is a huge amount of scientific knowledge from different disciplines that could be a basis for the necessary changes in teaching and learning both in and out of school, on different educational levels and under different institutional conditions. This book puts together the best and latest of this knowledge.

The editors define learning activity as a special kind of activity directed towards the acquisition of societal knowledge and skills through their individual reproduction by means of special learning actions upon learning objects. Learners can acquire skill and knowledge only by actively acting with the material according to its substance and structure, and through coordination, communication and cooperation between learners.